Overview of pearl farming
Pearl farming begins with conducting a feasibility study to determine whether the proper conditions (financial, environmental, operational and biological) that allow pearl farming to be profitable exist for the situation in which you wish to farm. If the results of the feasibility study are positive, a farm site will be selected and the farm structure established. A source of pearl oysters must then be obtained. A new stock of young pearl oysters should be added each year to the existing pearl oysters on the farm, so that new cycles of grafting and harvesting can take place regularly.
After young pearl oysters have reached about 2 years of age, they are ready for grafting, which starts the development of a cultured pearl. After an inspection 40 days after grafting to evaluate the results, the pearl oysters are kept on the farm for a further 12-24 months. The pearls are then harvested, and the pearl oysters that produce good quality pearls are grafted a second time (Figure 6).
Article source: The Basic Methods of Pearl Farming, Author: A Layman’s ManualMaria Haws, Ph.D. (Director, Pearl Research and Training Program, Pacific Aquaculture and Coastal Resources Center, University of Hawaii at Hilo, Hilo, HI 96720 USA, Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture, Publication No. 127, March 2002)
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