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Incense for religious ceremonies, perfume for the Arabic world, medicinal wine in Korea and ornamental functions in China. As a healthy tree the Aquilaria is worth next to nothing, but wounded its defence mechanisms produce agarwood and the tree becomes a valuable commodity. Historically, agarwood has been used for medicinal, aromatic and religious purposes.
Agarwood is the heartwood produced by a number of Aquilaria species in Southeast Asia, with Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos and Papua New Guinea as the main producing countries and Singapore being the main trade centre. The resin-impregnated heartwood is fragrant and, as a result, highly valuable.
This resin is produced as a result of pathological or wounding processes. It is also thought that resin production is a response to fungal infection.
Interestingly however, not all Aquilaria trees produce resin and it is extremely difficult (or even impossible) to judge from the outside of a tree whether or not it is infected. Cutting the tree is the only way to find out whether the tree contains the resin.
Agarwood, aloeswood, eaglewood and gaharu are all names for the resinous, fragrant and highly valuable heartwood produced primarily by Aquilaria species, in the family Thymelaeaceae.
Trade in agarwood has been recorded for over 2000 years, with primary markets in the Middle East and East Asia being supplied from sources ranging from the north-east of the Indian sub- continent through continental South-east Asia and the Indo-Malesian archipelago (Hou, 1960).
The Egyptians believed have used agarwood incense as part of their death rituals more than 3,000 years.
Agarwood‟s use as a medicinal product has been recorded in the Sahih Muslim, which dates back to approximately medicinal text the Susruta Samhita. Its use as a perfume has been recorded in the Old Testament. These and other uses continue today traditional East Asian medical practices.
Both agarwood oil and incense are used for their fragrant properties, notably in the Middle E monies by Buddhists, Hindus and Muslims, while a revival of the Koh doh‟ incense ceremony in Japan has rekindled interest in agarwood aromatic ingredient in Chu-yeh Chingand Vo Ka Py wine.
Agarwood may also be carved into sculptures, beads and boxes, these sometime roximately the eighth century, and in the Ayurvedic today.
Agarwood is used in Ayurvedic, Tibetan and Middle Eastern.
Wild Agarwood: In the past most agarwood has been harvested from the wild. Because it is extremely difficult, if not impossible, most of the Aquilaria trees are chopped down indiscriminately.
High quality agarwood can fetch as much as US$1000 per kilo. Thro frontier of agarwood exploitation across Asia as traders, continuously search for untouched forests containing Aquilaria trees (Barden and as a result, the news about agarwood harvesting spread like „gold fever‟.
Large sums of money and all kinds of luxury items with the traditional producers of agarwood. Usually this fever‟ was temporary. Once the largest trees were cut, new harvesting expedition of gold, the collecting of small quantities of agarwood became a less rewarding activity.
By the early 1990s, the aquilaria tree had been harvested to near extinction in Southeast Asia and was classified as an endangered species and placed on the Convention for International Trade in Endangered Species (CITIES) list making it illegal to harvest or trade the commodity without a CITIES permit.
So a drive began to replace the trees in the natural forest driven by private sector investment in commercial sustainable plantations.
At present only 35% of the global demand is being met by the agarwood producing countries (Forest Research Institute of Malaysia).
Oudh is considered a luxury but a necessary fragrance in the Middle East and is burned as a mark of respect and hospitality and is a traditional gesture of welcoming and honouring guests.
In Japan agarwood and oud oil is donated to their spiritual leader, and it is also widely used in China and India for healers. In Taiwan it is used as an aromatic ingredient for local wines.
In the West, Oudh has been used by many perfumery houses over the past 25 years and has recently enjoyed a surge in popularity as Western brands seek to expand into emerging Asian markets.
To name but a few big name brands to have used oud over the years include, Calvin Klein Obsession (1987), Nina Ricci (1995), Yves Saint Laurent (2002), Tom Ford Oudh Wood (2007), Juicy Couture (2008), Dior Fahrenheit Absolute (2009).
Agarwood can only be traded if it carries a CITIES permit confirming that it is from a “sustainable source”. However unfortunately, much agarwood is still traded across borders illegally (smuggled).
This illegal trade actually drives prices higher since smugglers expect high margins in return for the risks they take. There are around 80 countries that import agarwood annually but the biggest importers of the commodity are the UAE, Japan, Saudi Arabia and Taiwan with the largest exporters being Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand.
The value of agarwood exported from Singapore alone has been estimated to exceed $1.2 bans per annum (United Nations FAO). To see whether a tree contains agarwood or not. In the history there has been an ever-moving are dental. 2000). Trees were fetching high prices were offered to the forest dwelling communities, became less successful and just as in the case.
We are the co-owner of 300 acre.
We are the manufacturer and exporter of Agarwood. Also known as Aloeswood, Eaglewood, Oudh, Gaharu, Jinkoh(Japan), Chen Xiang(China), Chim Hyuang (Korea), Pau Dáguila (Portugese), Calambac/Bois Dáigle(French) and Adlerholz (German) and also produce Agarwood related products from Thailand in the Southeast Asia region. Thailand produce one of the best Agarwood product in the world.
Our Agarwood products are 100% “Pure & Genuine” from our own plantation. It is Aquilaria Sub Integra species. This species produced the most resin content among other. Our main products are Agarwood Chips (Oudh Chips), Agarwood Oil (Oudh Oil), Agarwood Chunk, Agarwood Powder, Agarwood Incense Stick, Agarwood Incense Cone, Agarwood stuff, Bakhoor, Agarwood Tea, Agarwood Toiletries (Soap, Shampoo etc).
We are confident enough to say that our Agarwood are grown and cultivated by Agriculturist, not from the forest, and we do have a good Agarwood cultivation technique to produce more resin from the trees.
Each and every agarwood tree will be registered with CITIES. Our agarwood trees quality has been certified and proofed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives Government and Industrial institute of Thailand. Our existing client are from the Middle East and China. We also have expertise in Agarwood industry more than a decade and we are able to sell and supply Agarwood products for high volume quantity to international market.
We produce grades from the lowest to the highest as per the market demands. We are being considered as one of the top producer for the super grades in the Arab market. Based on the reports during the recent “World
Agarwood Meeting” in Vietnam, an Aquilaria Sub-Integra species trade has got the highest commercial value in the market.
General Objectives: To support the stability and upgrade the standard of living of the natives of Sarawak and to protect and preserving its flora and fauna. Through the establishment of the strategic reproduction process frameworks as a means for the judicious utilization of natural resources and re empowerment of the people, and its community.
Environmental Facts: The environmental issue is global issue for long time ago. Recently 24 countries had meeting to find orientation to solve effectively the environmental issue to protect human and creatures in this world to be existed and developed well.
The process of building our country with the key is that: to develop economy and improve environment, has an importance and mutual interaction, as “Lip with Teeth, as Fish and Water” that cannot be separated.
PLANTATIONS & CULTIVATIONS
Deforestation is a perennial problem besetting every government and population. The continuing trend of deforestation calls for vigilant such as judicious governance and strategic approaches to forest preservation and regeneration.
Sarawak in East Malaysia was included in the protection and preservation of its rainforest which is home to diverse species of flora and fauna and which sustains the bulwark of wildlife habitation.
One of the ideal habitation for a substantial number of large forest tree species is Gaharu or commonly known as Agarwood, bearing the scientific name of Aquilaria Sub-Integra.
Natural Agarwood has been decreasing, then it becomes exhausted under the cruel exploiting hand of human. Because of lacking of experience, they cut down without mercy all Aquilaria trees that they saw.
Formerly perennial Aquilaria trees were very immense and verdant, contributed very important role to the protection of environment, ecological conservation in our country, now they cry for help in hopelessness, then they are step-by- step losing and disappear in the forest gradually.
According to CITES (2003), the Agarwood tree produces a substance known as resin mould, a coat to protect itself from parasite infections. This resin mould has a natural, sweet-smelling fragrances and can be used as a primary ingredient for the manufacturing expensive perfumes.
A full grown Agarwood tree produces about 10 kilograms of the resin mould. The product potential of the Agarwood tree can substantially provide for the needs of economies. However, utilizing the Agarwood tree economic purpose or industrial venture needs strategic framework that adheres to forest sustainability and preservation.
Agglomeration of Agarwood: We think about the mechanism of Unification of “Yin and Yang” in the excellent combination included: Quintessence of Land (source of nutrient sap to breed the tree), Sense of Purpose and Uprightness
of Sky (phenomenon of photosynthesis), mixed with actions of person (excite to create Agarwood by the mechanical and chemical method: drill a hole to bring catalyst to create resin), with the extractives of Animal (insect, microorganism, micro fungus, is biological action), mixed with water for long days “Tempered as Resin”.
Inoculation is a method that was developed to induce the production of Agarwood from young trees. The trees are inoculated in a specific manner enable then to produce Resin.
Resin will be produced by the trees as that is their natural defence mechanism towards the inoculation process. This method can ensure the consistent production of Agarwood from the trees planted.
The main principle of the process was the drilling of holes in the tree trunk and keeping the wound open by putting a small piece of plastic pipe in the hole. A chemical treatment was added to the wound to encourage the trees defence mechanism which stimulates the production of the resin.
After years of experimenting with the numbers of holes, the age of the tree, the amount of chemicals and other variables, the first trees were recently harvest and the production of incense made from the cultivated agarwood has begun.
The success of the experiment implies that it will not be long before the method spreads to other areas where Aquilaria trees are being grown.
This artificial inoculation process involves drilling holes on the Agarwood tree, filling them with fungal pathogen and sealing them off with wax.
Produced only by “sick” trees infected by fungi, this highly sought after fragrant resin (tras) has a cohort of uses, from aromatherapy to spa baths, perfume, message oil, soap, hair shampoo, hair conditioner, lip gloss, insect repellent, mosquito coils etc. After two to six years, upon maturing, the trees will be injected with fungi pathogens to trigger Agarwood production and this can be harvested after five months to a year.
After 6 months of inoculation catalyst, each Aquilaria Sub-Integra tree with enough above condition begin having agglomeration of Agarwood but leave it for 2 years then exploit it, in average we can have Agarwood of:
2kg type V,
2kg type VI,
Some cases we can have Agarwood of type IV, III, if leave it for many years.
Thus it shows the transformation of Agarwood in low grade to Agarwood in high grade, can have the product in the highest grade (Agarwood of type I) with the time is long enough (6-10 years).
Aquilaria Sub-Integra trees can transplant Resin, it effect can reach up to 95% as expected.
Perfumer’s Guilty Pleasure
Oudh Essential Oil, is without a doubt the most refined olfactory merchandise available anywhere. The distillation of oudh oil has become an art form in its own right. These days, a new fad has taken root among designer perfume lines; Dior, Tom Ford, Yves Saint Laurent, Estee Lauder, who have started to incorporate Agarwood scents into their mainstream products
The Oil is extracted from the Agarwood through distillation. This delicate process determines both the amount and quality of oil produced.
With the exception of large solid pieces of Agarwood which are traded as individual pieces, most of the wood is ground into very small pieces or powder, which are immersed in water and left to ferment over time.
The wood is chopped up into small pieces for distillation, and the dust produced from polishing and finishing the incense grade chips is also collected.
For the hydro distillation method of extracting Agarwood oil, this wood is then soaked in barrels of water for some time to make it easier for the oil to come out when heated.
After the soaking process is over, the wood is now placed in large stills and cooked at precise temperatures and pressures. Some distillers, in order to save money, might cook the wood at very high temperatures and pressures.
This is in the hope of sucking out as much of the Agarwood oil in the shortest period of time possible. This is done to cut down labour, fuel, water, and electricity costs.
But the effect of this is clearly discernable in the yielded oil. Pungent, burnt and harsh are some words to describe this type of oil. Then the material is transferred to distillation kettles and steamed.
After heating, the condensed water and oil are captured in a container where the oil floats on top of the water. The water is remove and the oil is tapped.
While the traditional hydro-distillation method is commonly used in India, Thailand and Cambodia, steam-distillation is most common in Indonesia, but is also used in Thailand and elsewhere.
There are also other methods of extracting oud oil, like super critical CO2 extraction, but we have dealt with the two most common methods. After the oil has been distilled, it is filtered, sunned, and aged for a while. The more the oil is aged, the better it will smell.
The price of high quality oil can be as much as US$50,000 to US$80,000 per litre. This process can be repeated once or twice depending on the quality of the water and the costs of the distillation process. The powder which remains after distillation can be used for low grade incense making.
It is estimated that for the production of one litre of Oudh oil 100 to 150 kilos of Agarwood is necessary.
8-Fold Strategic Framework
Establish Gaharu production area as the means for sustainable industrial utilization of Gaharu Tree.
Promote community collaboration and generate employment.
Regenerate the species by creating seed nurseries.
Conduct scheduled timber logging as replacement of new trees & systematically use land areas for planting.
Expand the reforestation areas to re-acquire forest conversation areas.
Promote sustainable environmental programs in support of the advocacy against deforestation & illegal logging.
Create village level industries as a means of promoting small scale household based harvesting of resin mould.
Established investment and create market opportunities by collaborating with the natives of Sarawak. # “One Village, Three Products” program that focuses on the production of Oil for Perfumes, Leaves for medicine, Herbs and Tea, and The Agarwood itself for Aroma Therapeutic Healing.
Agarwood End – Products
In the Middle East, the tradition of Oudh Perfume is a multi-billion-dollar industry. Oudh is the most luxurious perfume base derived from the Agarwood tree found in Far East Asia.
It takes nearly 300 years to form in the trunk of a tree. Our ability to continuously adapt to trends in the market, ensures that we keep our promise in delivering the very best.
Oudh essential oils used daily by perfume lovers, Aroma lovers and went burn it produces a very relaxing smell that lingers to your home. Being used also in the Ayurvedic medicines, in all ceremonial celebration in the Middle East, the Royal Families Religious events and its compulsory daily by the Saudi males or females. “Fermented Agarwood Majnoon Arabia” produce by us is very popular among the Arab Royalties as its not only produce good smell but also distress a person in its own way.
Agarwood Tea is a must buy in the China and Thailand market. It’s refreshing taste helps to clear sore throat, clear your lungs system and cleans your kidneys. Allah did not brought Agarwood the first plant on earth without any reasons. Our fore father and mother Nabi Adam and Hawa cure all sickness and pain using Oudh/Agarwood. It is believed that all parts of Agarwood plant is useful to us. Oudh Tea ( activation tea) is a very special flavor that stimulate the brain cell cortex, the visceral can run of benign.
Agarwood leaf contains a lot of anti-aging, anti-cancer drug ingredients and it helps to improve one look.
Our Agarwood End-Products:
Agarwood Chips ,
Agarwood Incense Stick,
Agarwood Incense Cone,
Agarwood Toiletries (Soap, Shampoo etc).
Benefits of Drinking Agarwood Tea; Strengthen the heart, Reduce blood Sugar, Reduce Blood Pressure, Improve Sleep, Beauty, Eliminate Constipation, Degreasing, Good Aphrodisiac and Eliminate Asthma.