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The most expensive pearl in the world

One grain can reach billions, this is the most expensive pearl type in the world, one of which is in Indonesia!

Talking about jewelry, what components do you prioritize the most? Do you like jewelry with gems and precious stones? Please note, gems and precious stones are not the only components of expensive jewelry. Pearls are also included as a component of jewelry whose beauty is no less than gems and precious stones. Pearls are produced from the cultivation of shellfish that live in the sea. Some are cultivated in freshwater waters such as lakes and rivers. Pearls come in a variety of shapes, colors, and shine.

The price of pearls varies, depending on the type. The rarer the species, the more expensive the price. Just like gems and precious stones, there are several types of pearls that are very expensive in the world. Even one of them is produced in Indonesian waters, you know! What is the most expensive pearl in the world like?

Black Tahitian Pearl

Tahitian black pearls are among the rarest and most expensive pearls in the world
Included in the category of the most expensive rare pearl in the world, Black Tahitian Pearl is a type of pearl produced from the cultivation of the Pinctada margaritifera oyster. As the name implies, this pearl comes from the waters of Tahiti.

Not all colors of Tahiti pearls are solid black, some are white, dark gray, and dark green. Pearls with black color are the most often hunted. The color sheen varies from pink, green, blue, and yellow. An oyster can produce pearls measuring from 5 to 12 mm. The price of black pearls varies depending on the quality. A very good quality black pearl can sell for US $ 36,000 or equivalent to Rp 517 million!

South Sea Pearl

Indonesia is the largest producer of South Sea pearls
South Sea pearls are produced from the cultivation of the Pinctada maxima type oyster that lives in the waters of Australia, Myanmar, the Philippines, and Indonesia. Whereas pearl cultivation generally takes 6 months, South Sea Pearls take approximately 3 years to be able to get good quality pearls.

Generally these pearls have white and gold colors, with a fairly varied sheen. Indonesia is believed to be the main producer of this type of pearl. The resulting size ranges from 8 to 18 mm. A South Sea Pearl that was cultivated in Maluku was once sold for Rp. 100 million.

Akoya Pearl

Akoya pearls are pearls from Japan that have a white color and a pink sheen
Pearls, which are often called Classic Pearls, are produced from the cultivation of Pinctada fucata oysters that live in the waters of Japan and around the Pacific Ocean. In contrast to pearls in general, Akoya pearls have a relatively smaller size. An Akoya pearl oyster generally produces pearls measuring from 3 to 9 mm. The predominant color of this pearl is white with a pink and gold sheen. A good quality Akoya pearl has a selling price of US$ 6,000 or equivalent to Rp. 86 million.

Abernethy Pearl

Abernethy pearls are a type of freshwater pearl found in the Tay river, Scotland
If pearls are generally produced by oysters that live in the ocean, then we need to get acquainted with this one pearl. The Abernethy Pearl is a type of freshwater pearl produced by the Margaritifera oyster in the Tay River, Scotland. This pearl was accidentally discovered by William Abernethy while he was diving in the river. This freshwater pearl weighs 2.85 grams and is the size of a marble.

It is white in color and has a pink sheen. While the Tay River is known for producing freshwater pearls, not all of them produce pearls like Will’s. A&G Cairncross is a shop that regularly produces jewelry from freshwater pearls raised by oysters in the Tay River. The Abernethy Pearl, also known as Little Willie, is on display at the shop.

In 1967, the price of the pearl was estimated at GBP 10,000, equivalent to GBP 164,596 in 2019. If converted into rupiah, the price could reach IDR 3 billion!

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Sea pearl VS Freshwater pearl

This is the difference between sea pearls and freshwater pearls

Who doesn’t know Pearl? It seems that almost all women must know one type of jewelry made from this oyster.

Pearls are hard objects that are produced in the soft tissues of living mollusks, namely oysters.

This type of gemstone is formed from calcium carbonate in the form of crystals, pearls were first used by the Greek king Xerxes.

Since then pearls have been used as jewelry that is very good for the fashion world.

Judging from the type, it turns out that besides the Sea Pearl, there is also a Fresh Pearl, you know..

Want to know the difference? These are some of the differences between sea pearls and freshwater pearls taken from various sources.

  1. Sea pearls take approximately 3 years to produce 1 pearl. While freshwater pearls only take 6 months, and even then in one shell can produce 6-15 fresh pearls.
  2. Sea pearls have various shapes, such as round, oval, baroque shapes (irregular shapes), while freshwater pearls rarely have round shapes.
  3. Sea pearl grains have a characteristic perfect round shape with varying sizes.
  4. Sea pearls have a more natural, natural-looking sheen, while freshwater pearls have less light. More like a dove color, and looks like faux pearl.
  5. Differences in color: Seawater pearls are available in Gold, White, Black, Brown, Silver (Grey) and Green, while freshwater pearls are available in almost all colors.
  6. In terms of price, sea pearls are sold in grams. Meanwhile, freshwater pearls are sold in the form of a group, while the units are sold in good/super quality.
  7. In addition to the above factors that distinguish the price of sea pearls is more expensive than freshwater pearls is the existence of a pride and satisfaction factor (prestige value) in other words sea pearls have more prestige value.

Already know now the difference between sea pearls and fresh pearls?

So back to your taste and budget, do you want to buy sea pearls or fresh pearls?

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Types of Pearl-Producing Shells

Pearls are the result of biological processes from shells that have a beautiful shape. Pearls are often used as beautiful jewelry. So far, the oysters known as pearl producers are oysters. There are five types of sea shells that are known as pearl producers. The following is a more detailed review of the pearl-producing shells that you can find.

Pinctada maxima

Pinctada maxima, pearl oyster which includes a type of shell that does not have a head. Pearls produced by these shells are often hunted for jewelry so that P. maxima is a commodity with high economic value. These shells are often called silver gold lip pearl shells, while the pearls are called southern sea pearls or Indonesian pearls. P. maxima is the largest pearl oyster species.

Pinctada margaritifera

Pearl oyster P. margaritifera is widespread in Indonesian waters and is one of the important species in the pearl industry. This shellfish is excellent in South Pacific countries because it is able to produce cream-colored pearls to black. In Indonesia, these oyster shells can be found in Sumbawa, North Bali, Belitung, the Sunda Strait, and South Sulawesi.

Pinctada fucata

fucata or akoya pearl oyster is the first pearl produced by the Japanese. The color of pearls produced by this type of shell is wider or varied. The size of the pearl is relatively small, but the appearance is very shiny.
Akoya pearls have two poles connected by two fairly long straight hinges. The shell of this clam is fairly long and a little wide. Currently, akoya pearls are widely cultivated in Japan.

Pteria penguin

This clam is known as the penguin wing oyster. The name of this clam is taken from a plant that is in the Western and Central Indo Pacific. These shells are found on the coasts of East Africa and the Red Sea to India, South China, the Philippines, Australia, Southern Japan, and Indonesia.

Hyriopsis cumingii

Water pearl mussels including invertebrate animals. These clams live attached to the substrate and eat various types of plankton. This water pearl shell is widely cultivated in China, even the production volume can reach 95 percent of the pearl volume in the world. The price of this pearl shell is fairly cheap. You can find pearls produced by these freshwater mussels in Lombok and the Indonesian Pearl center.

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