Trade codes for untreated/unmodified natural and cultured pearls that require special care and Pearls Imitations or stimulants
The code (SC – Special Care) shall only be used within the industry; it shall not to be used for the consumer. The codes are intended to facilitate the insertion of vital information on tags attached to merchandise, on invoices and or other commercial documents used within the trade.
All natural and cultured pearls (5.48 and 5.118) shall have special care advice that includes instructions that they should not be worn while carrying out heavy work, should be kept away from all solvents, should not be wrapped in cotton wool or moisture absorbing materials or subjected to high temperatures as well as ultrasonic cleaning and should be kept away from acids during the manufacturing process. This care advice should be regarded as normal for natural and cultured pearls across the product range and a code is unnecessary. However, there are particular cases were a code would be useful, examples of which are (also see Annex C)
- Natural Abalone Pearl, (SC). – Often hollow and therefore fragile.
- Natural Conch Pearl, (SC). – Colour may fade or change if exposed to long periods of sunlight or short exposures to x-rays
- Cultured Conch Pearl (SC) – Colour may fade or change if exposed to long periods of sunlight or short exposures to x-rays
4.10. Imitations or stimulants
4.10.1. “Cultured pearl-like”, “semi-cultured-pearl”, “faux pearls „‟, “mother of pearl”, etc.
the terms ―cultured pearl-like‖, ―semi-cultured-pearl‖, ―faux pearls‖, ―mother of pearl‖ or any other similar expression shall not be used when referring to imitation (5.84) or simulated pearls (5.162).
4.10.2. Commercial names
The name of an imitation (5.84) or simulated (5.162) pearl shall not be similar to the name, or the sound of the name (neither entirely, nor abbreviated, nor by way of an allusion), of any natural or cultured pearl.
4.10.3. Geographical areas
Do not use the name of a geographical area associated with the production, processing or exporting of natural or cultured pearls in connection with and or referring to imitation pearls (5.84).
4.10.4. “Imitation” or “simulated”
Imitations (5.84) or simulants (5.162) of natural pearls and cultured pearls shall, prior to the closing of the sale, require a verbal explanation that it is an imitation or simulant of a natural or cultured pearl, and, in the event of a written presentation shall be immediately preceded by the word ‗imitation‘ or ‗simulated‘, with equal emphasis and prominence, with characters of the same size and colour as those of the name itself, e.g., simulated pearl, imitation pearl etc. Do not abbreviate. If an imitation (5.84) or simulant (5.162) of a natural pearl or a cultured pearl can be purchased without personally viewing the product, (e.g., direct mail, catalogues, online services, televised shopping programmes, etc.) explanation shall be made that it is an imitation or simulant pearl in the presentation and/or description of the product prior to the close of the sale.
NOTE: The placing of an asterisk next to the word pearl, making reference to a footnote explanation of the fact that the product is an imitation, simulant of a pearl or cultured pearl does not comply with this clause.
4.10.5. Terms other than „imitation‟, „or „simulated‟
Do not use a qualifying term other than ‗imitation‘ or‘, or ‗simulated‘ to describe any product defined in (5.84), (5.162) and (4.10).
4.10.6. Trade Marks
When Trade Marks, brands, or fancy names are used to describe imitations of pearls or cultured pearls the use shall not conceal the fact that the product is an imitation, e.g., Trade Marks shall be used in the following format: Majorica Imitation Pearl‘, indicating that the article in question is an imitation of a pearl whose trademark is “Majorica”.
Articles source: THE PEARL BOOK, Natural, Cultured, Composite & Imitation Pearls — Terminology & Classification (Including information on modifications), 2013-08-12, CIBJO/Pearl Commission.
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